How much alcohol is okay?

Alcohol is an integral part of German and many other cultures and is consumed on numerous occasions. Although just about everyone knows that alcohol is unhealthy, this hardly influences consumption behavior. This is also due to the fact that many people do not know from which amount of alcohol one speaks of risky consumption and how much alcohol is in a glass of wine or beer.

It should be emphasized that alcohol consumption can never be risk-free. Every sip of alcohol can increase the risk of health damage. However, there are guideline valuesfor low-risk consumption that will generally not harm your health. These apply to healthy adults 21 years of age and older. Up to this age, important development and restructuring processes are still taking place in the brain, which can be impeded by the consumption of alcohol. Therefore, alcohol consumption by adolescents and young adults up to 21 should still be well below the recommendations. The guideline values are given in "standard glasses" and a distinction is made between women and men.

A standard glass contains 10 to 12 grams of pure alcohol. This is contained, for example, in the following beverages:

    0.25 l beer (5% by volume)

    0.33 l shandy (2.5% by volume)

    0.1 l wine (11% by volume)

    0.1 l sparkling wine (11% by volume)

    1 shot (38% by volume)

Women should not consume more than 12 grams of pure alcohol per day, i.e., drink no more than one standard glass of alcohol per day to be in the low-risk range. Men can consume twice that amount per day, e.g., 0.5 l of beer or two shots. Both sexes should also abstain from alcohol on at least 2 days per week to prevent their alcohol consumption from becoming a habit.

If the above values are exceeded, i.e. women regularly drink more than one standard glass per day and men more than two standard glasses, this is referred to as risky consumption, which can develop into harmful consumption or even alcohol dependence. Even risky consumption can be associated with permanent damage to health. Too frequent alcohol consumption can, for example, affect the liver, the brain, the skin or the heart and blood circulation. You can find out more detailed information about the consequences with the Bodymap from

If you want to know in which range you are with your alcohol consumption, this quiz can help you.




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